Alcohol and Blood Pressure: What to Know

Red wine contains an antioxidant called resveratrol, which some studies have shown reduces cholesterol and lowers blood pressure. It has also become clear over time that no amount of alcohol is considered safe for consumption, regardless of the type of alcohol. Studies have shown a link between alcohol and hypertension, or high blood pressure.

  • Heavy drinkers who switch to moderate drinking can lower their systolic blood pressure by two to four mmHg and their diastolic blood pressure by one to two mmHg.
  • In addition regular alcohol consumption is occurring increasingly earlier in the life , thus also providing an increase in general morbidity and mortality .
  • To determine short-term dose-related effects of alcohol versus placebo on systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure in healthy and hypertensive adults over 18 years of age.
  • As for binge drinking , younger men are more likely to experience high blood pressure from excess alcohol use than young women.

There is some evidence that using one glass of red wine a day can help promote a healthy blood pressure. However, this isnot thoughtto be due to the alcohol the wine contains. Rather, it’s believed does alcohol decrease blood pressure to be caused either by the lifestyle of those who use wine in moderation or by the flavonoids that wine contains. Beer and other alcoholic drinks raise blood pressure when used heavily.

Bryson 2008 published data only

Genetics, age, and weight are other factors that contribute to elevated blood pressure. If you find that your blood pressure is still elevated several months after the cessation of alcohol intake, then it is recommended to follow up with your doctor. “These include risk factors for coronary artery disease through weight gain due to the high caloric intake of alcohol, the development of a buildup of plaque and narrowing in your arteries, elevated cholesterol, and elevated blood sugars. All these risk factors play a part in the development or exacerbation of high blood pressure through its effects on your body and the consequences of these conditions on your heart.” Barata explains.

blood pressure and alcohol

All studies included an independent individual who was blinded to control and test groups to evaluate and analyse the data. One study ‐ Nishiwaki 2017 (a single‐blinded study) ‐ ensured participant blinding but not blinding of outcome assessors. We classified five studies as having uncertain risk of detection bias. Karatzi 2005, Mahmud 2002, Maule 1993, and Potter 1986 did not mention the method of blinding of outcome assessors.

Blood calcium levels

If you have been diagnosed with high blood pressure, you will need to work with your physician to develop a plan to manage it. In some cases, hypertension can be reversed through lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and reducing or eliminating alcohol intake. Drinking alcohol may also increase blood pressure for a short amount of time even in healthy people. Heavy drinking, on the other hand, is linked to a number of poor health outcomes, including heart conditions. Excessive alcohol intake can lead to high blood pressure, heart failure or stroke. Excessive drinking can also contribute tocardiomyopathy, a disorder that affects the heart muscle. Some studies have shown an association between moderate alcohol intake and a lower risk of dying fromheart disease.

blood pressure and alcohol