PostgreSQL vs MongoDB A Key Features and Benefits Comparisons

MongoDB can work best when integrated into an analytics platform, as MongoDB’s speed provides dynamic performance that can help track the user’s behavior in real time. Common use cases for MongoDB include customer analytics, content management, business transactions, and product data. The database is also ideal for mobile solutions that need to be scaled to millions of users, thanks to its ability to scale.

Although MySQL has the open-source part, it’s mostly under Oracle’s license. This limits the MySQL community in terms of improving the DBMS. Because when you have completely open-source support, you expect many problem-specific implementations and community assistance.

MongoDB and PostgreSQL Database Technologies

The rest of this article aims to provide information that helps make a safe bet. He is also a major developer and code committer of the PostgreSQL project and has contributed major features in each of the last 8 versions of PostgreSQL. Simon has worked as a Database Architect for more than 25 years, with high-end solutions experience and certifications on Oracle, Teradata and DB2. PostgreSQL is a powerful, open source object-relational database system.

PostgreSQL vs MongoDB Terminology and Concepts

Based on MongoDB Community, and enhanced by Percona with Enterprise Features, Percona Server for MongoDB offers 100% compatibility. As we wrote in a previous post, we commit postgresql has many modern features including to shipping a supported AGPL version until the situation around SSPL is clearly resolved. Known as Postgres, these are Object Relational Database Management System .

  • And the second difference is that not all columns in a table are stored for subqueries.
  • MongoDB also supports the JSON data model, auto-sharding, and built-in replication for high scalability and availability.
  • As you can see from the above MongoDB vs PostgreSQL comparison, both databases have lots to recommend them.
  • If you are building a database automation tool, PostgreSQL is the best fit for it due to its strong analytical capabilities, ACID compliance, and powerful SQL engine.
  • Standard Edition, which doesn’t include all available features, costs $17,500 per unit.

Also, consider applying MySQL for the same reason if you’re building a business intelligence tool. MySQL database system is the best option when you’re designing a small, web-based solution with a small volume of data. For example, when building a local eCommerce store, MySQL may come in handy.

No-code Data Pipeline For your Database

Since 2008, Ed Boyajian has led EnterpriseDB around his vision to transform and disrupt the $34B relational database industry. In reality, there is a dearth of valid reasons to pick up only one database because one type of database might outshine the other in any aspect. And of course, it will be a massive pain in the neck to transit from one track to another. So, better, take your own time, define your database needs, and then come up with an option. With PostgreSQL 9.3, JSON support capability was improved with additional constructor and extractor methods. Its successor version 9.4 started representing JSON data using JSONB, a binary format of JSON.

MongoDB and PostgreSQL Database Technologies

Now, the intriguing fact is the higher rank of PostgreSQL compared to MongoDB among most popular database systems in 2020. Even though input is slower with conversion overhead, JSONB outsmarts JSON in terms of indexing, containment, and parsing need. JSON data is passed into the database as values and can be accessed using simple SQL queries. Although PostgreSQL is simple to deploy on multiple platforms, it does not perform equally well on all of them. These sets enable you to record and replay processes as needed.

Security, performance, and consistency you can rely on

This is not the case when the software belongs to corporate owners and you’ll have to pay for support. While more detailed descriptions of the aforementioned databases await you further in the post, the table here aims at providing a quick-look comparison against key criteria. Wide-column — to store data in the tabular format with flexible columns, meaning they can vary from row to row in the same table.

There’s a lot here and I’m not sure it’s a good fit for the StackExchange Q&A format but I think it a) an answerable question and b) non-specific enough that it can benefit the community. Some of my considerations are specific to me but I think the question could be of use to anyone faced with deciding on SQL vs NoSQL vs both. Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search.

MQL, like SQL, provides similar features with some extra features. Because documents are handled as JSON-type documents, this is necessary. Both MongoDB vs PostgreSQL benchmark are having its own advantages and disadvantages, organizations and developers are really careful to use technology in today’s world. The database can be selected based on the development of the application. The database selection depends on the platform and the environment as well.

What Is MongoDB?

The latest version of MongoDB has new features such as support for automatic data archival, delete operations, and time series dataset distribution across shards. Launched in 2007, MongoDB now serves some of the world’s biggest companies, including EA, eBay, and Shutterfly. Our team will also be the first to tell you when HarperDB is not a good fit for your specific project. With relational databases like PostgreSQL, altering your table is necessary to make any changes.

MongoDB and PostgreSQL Database Technologies

The current data engineering solutions that businesses require for data and query processing necessitate a steep learning curve, which PostgreSQL lacks. It may be a core aspect for some users because these constraints prohibit any actions that remove links from one table to another and can prevent the insertion of invalid data into foreign key columns. MongoDB is a database system that processes data using BSON, whereas PostgreSQL is a relational database that processes data using traditional SQL. PostgreSQL supports a wide range of data types, document types, and customizations, to name a few. For load balancing and accessibility, MongoDB also claims to support the JSON data model, auto-sharding, and built-in replication. Hstore is relatively limited but also used by a lot of people.

Making the Call: MongoDB or PostgreSQL?

The whole schema needs to be designed and configured at creation. You might be able to alter a table later on, but this may lead to database downtime and bugs in your application. PostgreSQL databases can use foreign keys which explicitly link data between tables and are used to keep the data normalized. According to popular belief, MongoDB is the most popular sought-after database skill for developers in recent years. As per a survey by Statista, about 19.4 percent of respondents prefer to learn MongoDB over other databases.

Relational Database Management System Market Size, Share, Current Developments, Growth Analysis Assessment, Market Strategies and Future Outlook 2027 – Digital Journal

Relational Database Management System Market Size, Share, Current Developments, Growth Analysis Assessment, Market Strategies and Future Outlook 2027.

Posted: Tue, 08 Nov 2022 09:22:14 GMT [source]

They can help you identify which product is more popular and what people think of it. Recently, TimescaleDB published a blog comparing ClickHouse & TimescaleDB using timescale/tsbs, a timeseries benchmarking framework. I have some experience with PostgreSQL and ClickHouse but never got the chance to play with TimescaleDB. Some of the claims about TimescaleDB made in their post are very bold, that made me even more curious. If you’re not ready for a major migration effort, there is one more solution for you – Percona Server for MongoDB.

PostgreSQL Schema

Although PostgreSQL is easy to deploy on multiple platforms, it does not have the same efficiency on every platform. It can index any field in a document and supports Master-Slave replication. Another example of the difference in terminology and syntax between the two is that MongoDB uses documents to obtain data while Postgres uses rows for the same purpose. MongoDB has the potential for ACID compliance, while Postgres has ACID compliance built-in.

It prioritizes RAM utilization, so records can be accessed quickly without compromising data quality. Even though PostgreSQL has a big community and offers excellent assistance, the documentation remains irregular and incomplete. Due to the scattered nature of the PostgreSQL community, documentation for all Postgre features does not adhere to the same standards. It ensures comprehensive operations, even for large-volume projects, thanks to better security. Biotech Software We cover the entire biotechnology software industry, from digital health and medical devices to technology platforms. IoT application and microservice architecture that tend to scale its data hosting will summarize our list of best use cases with Redis.

PostgreSQL has many features like replication, indexing, schemas, wide variety of data types, Inheritance, online backup, used-defined objects like conversions and procedural language. PostgreSQL is a relational database management system that creates more complex data structures by combining defined objects and table procedures. Its goal is to improve the adherence and expansibility of the standards. As a result, it can handle any workload, whether for a single machine or a complicated application.

MongoDB’s ideal purpose

If you prioritize faster data integration and scalability across several servers, MongoDB might be a suitable choice for your business. On the other hand, while PostgreSQL is easy to install and is adaptable to almost all platforms, its efficiency may differ from platform to platform. Moreover, it doesn’t have revising tools or reporting instruments that could show the current condition of the database. You may have to check the database continuously if something doesn’t go as planned to avoid noticing a failure when it’s too late.

It helps the generally written queries in SQL can be used to fetch the data from the data source like table and others. PostgreSQL has a wide range of connected interfaces, which helps in supporting the other programming languages. Don’t be afraid of using new features in Postgres – the Postgres team doesn’t release features which aren’t stable.

Thus, when rows from the table are deleted, the operating system immediately accesses the free space, eliminating gaps in the tablespace. On top of that, the database management system suggests engine-independent table statistics. This feature enhances the optimizer’s performance, accelerates query processing, and helps customize data analysis.